Download A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation by Eric D. Weitz PDF

By Eric D. Weitz

Why did the 20 th century witness exceptional equipped genocide? will we examine why genocide is perpetrated via evaluating varied situations of genocide? Is the Holocaust specified, or does it proportion explanations and contours with different situations of state-sponsored mass homicide? Can genocide be prevented?Blending gripping narrative with trenchant research, Eric Weitz investigates 4 of the 20 th century's significant eruptions of genocide: the Soviet Union less than Stalin, Nazi Germany, Cambodia less than the Khmer Rouge, and the previous Yugoslavia. Drawing on old assets in addition to trial files, memoirs, novels, and poems, Weitz explains the superiority of genocide within the 20th century--and exhibits how and why it grew to become so systematic and deadly.Weitz depicts the searing brutality of every genocide and lines its origins again to these strongest different types of the trendy international: race and country. He demonstrates how, in all of the situations, a powerful country pursuing utopia promoted a selected mixture of severe nationwide and racial ideologies. In moments of severe predicament, those states certain yes nationwide and racial teams, believing that simply the annihilation of those "enemies" could let the dominant staff to flourish. And in every one example, huge segments of the inhabitants have been enticed to hitch within the usually ritualistic activities that destroyed their neighbors.This e-book deals the most soaking up money owed ever written of the inhabitants purges ceaselessly linked to the names Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot, and Milosevic. A debatable and richly textured comparability of those 4 sleek instances, it identifies the social and political forces that produce genocide.

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Extra info for A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation

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Race locked Africans into a position of eternal inferiority and also explained the middle ranking of Native Americans and the superior position of Europeans on the racial scale. Race was made as European thinkers pondered the meaning of slavery and the world of great diversity. It was also made in colonial societies, in the interactions “on the ground” of Europeans, Native Americans, and Africans. 32 By attempting to place people in fixed categories, colonial legislation and social practices contributed decisively to the making of race.

But the essential characteristics of each race are seen as immutable, and they are borne “in the blood” by every individual member of that race. While racial distinctions have most often been based on phenotype, race is not essentially about skin color but about the assignment of indelible traits to particular groups. 27 Unlike ethnicity, race always entails a hierarchical construction of difference. Racial movements and states understand their creation and de- 22 ■ chapter 1 fense of a racial order as the great historical task of making the political and social world conform to the reality of nature, with its fixed system of domination and subordination.

But the essential characteristics of each race are seen as immutable, and they are borne “in the blood” by every individual member of that race. While racial distinctions have most often been based on phenotype, race is not essentially about skin color but about the assignment of indelible traits to particular groups. 27 Unlike ethnicity, race always entails a hierarchical construction of difference. Racial movements and states understand their creation and de- 22 ■ chapter 1 fense of a racial order as the great historical task of making the political and social world conform to the reality of nature, with its fixed system of domination and subordination.

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