By Anne Whitworth
This booklet presents either a theoretical and functional connection with cognitive neuropsychological techniques to speech and language therapists operating with individuals with aphasia. Having advanced from the job of a gaggle of clinicians operating with individuals with aphasia, it's a hugely functional advisor that goals to interpret the theoretical literature because it pertains to aphasia and hyperlink it on to on hand evaluate instruments and remedy strategies. the outlet element of the booklet offers an outline of the speculation underpinning the method and the way it may be utilized to the overview and interpretation of language-processing impairments. the second one part deals a operating clarification of other parts of language processing, outlining the deficits that could come up from impairment to every part. additionally, the clinician is guided to on hand tests to check out medical hypotheses and provided interpretations of functionality styles. the ultimate part offers a accomplished evaluation of the remedy literature with systematic summaries of the remedies undertaken and a synthesis of the findings thus far. This ebook has been written through clinicians with hands-on event. it is going to be a useful source for clinicians and scholars of speech and language remedy and similar disciplines.
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Extra resources for A Cognitive Neuropsychological Approach to Assessment and Intervention in Aphasia: A Clinician's Guide
One-, two- and three-syllable words matched for frequency Additional assessments of word retrieval FAS verbal ﬂuency (Spreen & Benton, 1977) Naming to deﬁnition (as described by Chapey, 1981) Note: The above assessments provide information on assessing word retrieval without picture stimuli. 52 Deﬁcits and assessment Indicators of impairment • If a semantic impairment, the person will have: (a) impaired comprehension for both the auditory and written input modalities; and (b) semantic errors in both spoken and written output (but semantic errors may also indicate impairment at other levels).
Imageability eﬀects in tasks imply the use of semantic mediation in those tasks. g. e. category ﬂuency) Sorting/ categorisation tasks Varied Semantic associations Picture selection Semantic links (Bigland & Speake, 1992) Auditory comprehension of spoken words 43 Interpretation ✔ Retained performance on spoken and written picture-matching and synonym judgement tasks implies an intact semantic system. ✗ Semantic errors on spoken and written picture-matching tasks alongside impaired word retrieval imply a semantic impairment.
For instance, how closely related does an error need to be to call the result semantically related? As there is no independent metric of semantic relatedness, the borderline is, essentially, a matter of choice. Martin et al. (1994) describe ATTITUDE → ‘everybody has one of those days’ as a semantic error. Howard and Franklin (1988) classify SHIRT → ‘iron’ as being unrelated. Similarly, the degree of phonological relatedness required to classify an error as phonologically related varies radically between studies.