By Cecil Roth
Original yr of publication: 1932
The checklist of the "New Christians" is an inseparable a part of the tales of Spain and Portugal, on the interval in their maximum brilliance. It constitutes a basic, even though tragic, bankruptcy of ecclesiastical background. It touches at the lifetime of each nation of Western Europe within the seventeenth and 18th centuries, at the most important issues. it's the historical past to the biography of numerous individuals of the top eminence, either within the Peninsula and in a foreign country. It had vital reactions in politics, literature, technological know-how and trade. all through, it acquired lurid illumination from the flares of the autos-da-fe.
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Additional resources for A History of the Marranos
Shortly after the first auto held at Saragossa, on May 10, 1484, the Inquisitor Gaspar Juglar was found dead. It was confidently asserted that he had been poisoned; but so unostentatious a mode of satisfying their vengeance does not seem in accordance with the bellicose spirit of the conversos. Their attention was concentrated on Pedro Arbues, Canon of the Cathedral of Saragossa, who was the heart and soul of the Tribunal. A conspiracy was formed against him which involved many of the most prominent persons in Aragon: Sancho de Paternoy, the mestre racional at court; Gabriel Sanchez, the High Treasurer of the kingdom; Francisco de Santa Fé, assessor to the Governor of Aragon and son of the notorious conversionist, Gerónimo de Santa Fé.
From 1461 onwards, Fray Alonso de Spina, inspired by the Observant Franciscans, began to agitate for the introduction of a special tribunal. Their extreme violence and lack of moderation defeated the ESTABLISHMENT OF INQUISITION 39 attempt. The Geronimite Order, under the influence of their saintly General, Fray Alonso de Oropesa, strenuously advocated the use of the existing ecclesiastical machinery, and the opposing side were for the moment silenced. Nevertheless, in the Concordat of Medina del Campo in 1464–5 with his revolted nobles, Henry IV enjoined the bishops throughout the land to establish a searching inquiry into the conduct of the New Christians, and to punish rigorously those found guilty of backsliding.
The youngest brother, Luis, who was baptized in infancy, rose to the office of High Treasurer of the kingdom of Navarre. The sons of Isaac de la Caballeria amassed vast fortunes by farming the public taxes, and attained high position in the state by reason of their wealth. One of them, Pedro, was partly responsible for negotiating the epochmaking marriage between Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, which united the Spanish monarchy. Another member of the family, Martin de la Caballeria, was appointed to the command of the fleet at Majorca.