By Evan Luard
This, the 1st quantity of an enormous paintings, describes the institution of the United international locations, the controversies and debates in the association and the political elements surrounding those throughout the first ten years of its existence.
Read or Download A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955 PDF
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Extra resources for A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955
There would be little point in the permanent members' bitterly debating every article of the Charter if it could be easily amended later to their disadvantage. The Big Five therefore stood firm on this. The most they were willing to allow was that a special conference to review the Charter might be called, free of veto, if demanded by a two-thirds majority. It was agreed that after ten years the possibility of holding such a conference should be considered, but a Canadian proposal that a conference would anyway be held at that time was turned down.
About the participation of some other countries, there were much more serious disputes, which were only to be resolved at the Conference itself. Only ten days before the Conference was due to begin, on 12 April, President Roosevelt, after a short illness, suddenly died. Roosevelt had been so intimately concerned with the preliminary drafting of the Charter, and had done so much to inspire enthusiasm for the new organisation among Congressional and public opinion in the United States, that there was a 40 A History of the United Nations momentary fear that his death might weaken the impetus which had been built up.
Though this was intended in the first place as a temporary measure, it probably represented the kind of organisation that many in the US government would have liked to see emerge in the long term as well. Britain too formulated proposals for the period before a permanent body could be established. Unlike Roosevelt with the US Government, Churchill for some time still imposed his regional concept onto the official British position. British ideas were put forward in an aide-memoire sent by the UK Government to the United States on 14 July 1943.