By Antje Wiener
The Theory of Contestation advances serious norms study in diplomacy. It scrutinises the makes use of of ‘contestation’ in diplomacy theories with reference to its descriptive and normative power. for that reason, severe investigations into diplomacy are carried out according to 3 pondering instruments from public philosophy and the social sciences: The normativity premise, the variety premise and cultural cosmopolitanism. The ensuing idea of contestation includes 4 major beneficial properties, particularly different types of norms, modes of contestation, segments of norms and the cycle of contestation. the idea distinguishes among the primary of contestedness and the perform of contestation and argues that, if contestedness is accredited as a meta-organising precept of world governance, common entry to contestation for all concerned stakeholders will increase valid governance within the worldwide realm.
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Extra resources for A Theory of Contestation
Not only states, but international organizations, nongovernmental organizations, journalists, and others have shaped the experience of war’’ (Fierke 2005: viii). Whether and if so, under which conditions, these interactions or any international interaction generate conflict, remains to be established by empirical research. The answer is likely to vary. It will depend on a range of contingencies. These inter-national encounters may occur in the context of international organisations, international regimes, in the context of epistemic communities or international conferences, workshops or events where individuals of different national cultural roots encounter each other.
It follows that approaches, which allocate normativity internally and consider norms as intersubjectively constructed provide the highest potential for contestation. In that case, the decision to establish access to ‘regular’ contestation with the purpose of establishing or maintaining legitimate and just governance in the global realm would be most plausible. 2 shows, whether implicitly or explicitly noted, each approach applies specific normative assumptions. The following elaborates on the respective functions attributed to norms.
At this stage the social recognition of a norm is most likely to be contested. At this stage any type of agent acting in a societally structured context of a community making habitual reference to common socially recognised norms or rules will refer to norms without contestation. In turn, social groups that are not part of the community are expected to contest the norm. And the third stage is defined as the implementing stage. At this stage the cultural validation of normative meaning is most likely to be contested.