By Alan Farmer
The fourth variation of this bestselling identify charts the process British international coverage from the tip of the 1st global conflict and the Treaty of Versailles, to the social and monetary results of the second one global struggle. there's a specific concentration and research of the problem of appeasement during the interval, specially within the run-up to the second one international battle. Public opinion and the function of key participants is explored all through and the narrative concludes with an interpretation of the reasons of and purposes for British international regulations around the period.
Throughout the booklet, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and counsel written by way of examiners give you the chance to increase examination skills.
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Additional resources for Access to History. British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a cost? 1919-1960
The British government was happy to sign, although some Conservatives thought the pact idealistic nonsense. In 1929 the Young Plan extended the period of reparation payments by 60 years, thus further easing the burden on Germany. As part of this package, Britain and France agreed to end their occupation of the Rhineland ﬁve years ahead of schedule. In 1929 it seemed, as historian William Rubinstein has written, ‘literally inconceivable that a second world-wide general war, far deadlier than the last, could break out only 10 years later’.
Nevertheless, he did send some military help (about 30,000 troops in all) and provided some ﬁnancial assistance to the Whites. However, by the end of 1919 the Bolsheviks had established control in Russia and British forces were withdrawn. Key terms The Illusion of Peace 1919–31 | 31 Spartakist rising An attempt by communists to seize power in Germany over the winter of 1918–19. New Economic Policy (NEP) In 1922 Lenin backed down from the notion of total communism. His NEP allowed some private ownership.
Conciliatory moves In 1921–2 Lloyd George pressed ahead with negotiations with the USSR, hoping that the re-establishment of trade relations would help the British economy. He also feared that if the USSR continued to be treated as an outcast it might well ally with the other European pariah – Germany. Such an alliance would threaten Europe’s peace and stability. In March 1921 an Anglo-Soviet trade agreement was signed. Under its terms each side agreed to refrain from hostile propaganda. The Soviet government recognised in principle its obligations to private citizens in Britain who had not yet been paid for goods supplied to Russia during the war.