Download Aging And Ethics: Philosophical Problems in Gerontology by Kurt Baier (auth.), Nancy S. Jecker (eds.) PDF

By Kurt Baier (auth.), Nancy S. Jecker (eds.)

The getting older Self and the getting older Society moral matters concerning the aged have lately come to the fore. this could come as no shock: because the flip of the century, there was an eightfold in­ crease within the variety of american citizens over the age of sixty­ 5, and virtually a tripling in their percentage to the overall inhabitants. these over the age of eighty-five-­ the quickest becoming team within the country-are twenty­ yet another occasions as quite a few as in 1900. Demographers count on this development to speed up into the twenty-first century. The getting older of society casts into vibrant aid a num­ ber of deep and troubling questions. at the one hand, as contributors, we grapple with the rapid adventure of getting older and mortality and search to discover in it philosophical or moral value. We additionally ask yourself what responsi­ bilities we undergo towards getting older kinfolk and what expectancies of others our plans for previous age can reasona­ bly contain. nonetheless, as a neighborhood, we needs to come to a decision: What targeted position, if any, do older folks occupy in our society? What constitutes a simply distribution of scientific assets among generations? And, How can associations that serve the outdated foster imperiled values, equivalent to autonomy, self-respect, and dignity? only in the near past have we started to discover those issues, but already a wealthy and fruitful literature has grown up round them.

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We cannot attribute a purpose to a thing without implying that someone did something, in the doing of which he had some purpose, namely, to bring about the thing with the purpose. Of course, his purpose is not identical with its purpose. In hiring laborers and engineers and buying materials and a site for a factory and the like, the entrepreneur's purpose, let us say, is to manufacture cars, but the purpose of cars is to serve as a means of transportation. There are many things that humans may do, such as buying and selling, hiring laborers, ploughing, felling trees, and the like, which it is foolish, pointless, silly, and perhaps crazy to do if one Meaning of Life 31 has no purpose in doing them.

J. Paton, The Modem Predicament, pp. 119-120, 367-369. See also Theology and falsification (1955), in New Essays in Philosophical Theology (A. Flew and A. CM. Press, London, UK, pp. 96-131. 18Stephen Neill (1955) Christian Faith To-day. Penguin Books, London, UK, pp. 240-241.

Since the universe is the totality of things, it must have originated out of nothing. If it had originated out of something, even something as small as one single hydrogen atom, what has so originated could not be the whole universe, but only the universe minus the atom. Then the atom itself would call for explanation, for it too must have had an origin, and it must be an origin out of nothing. Also, how can anything originate out of nothing? Surely that calls for explanation. However, let us be quite clear what is to be explained.

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