Download Albania and the European Union: The Tumultuous Journey by Mirela Bogdani PDF

By Mirela Bogdani

While will Albania sign up for the european? Will accession support Albania to accomplish prosperity, balance and prosperity? What elements are aiding it in the direction of this finish and what components are conserving it again? An unique research of Albania and its kinfolk with the european, this is often the 1st booklet to spot and examine the issues of the rustic because it strikes in the direction of club of the Union. It explores the political, fiscal and social ameliorations had to make Albanian club attainable. The authors spotlight the big democratic adjustments that experience happened in post-communist Albania in addition to the various stumbling blocks that also stay. This balanced and goal overview might be an important source for everybody attracted to the historical past and way forward for the Balkans and the ecu.

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Extra info for Albania and the European Union: The Tumultuous Journey Towards Integration and Accession (Library of European Studies)

Example text

The high costs of transformation and the challenges of adapting to new unknown realities provoke a craving for the ‘good old days’. Those involved in political transformation tend to underestimate the costs involved and the difficulties of adaptation. In the euphoria of the moment, utopia seems possible especially since many of those at the forefront of change are young students for whom the world is a paradise to be conquered. Those who are older, however, tend to remember the past as a period of settled security and they therefore hanker after this in the new unsettling situation.

The communist regime aimed to create a national community and construct a socialist society ‘blessed with social and economic equality’. And by not allowing tolerance for diverse viewpoints (critics and alternative ideas were a total heresy), and by long and brutal repression, communism managed to develop mass brainwashing, conformism and apathy. In the end, Albania retained some of the worst aspects of the traditional and peasant tribal society of the past without developing the positive features of industrialization.

It is clear that, even though Albania shares a common linguistic ancestry (Albanian is an Indo-European language)18with Western European states, there are different social norms, mentality and culture, deriving from the ‘Balkan’ culture, but also from Albania’s Muslim inheritance, although the ‘Balkan’ dimension is probably the more important. Some convergence of cultural identity is considered to be essential to integration and more difficult to achieve, compared to political (liberal democracy) and economic (market economy) convergence.

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